Brazilian pine, an important species native to the Atlantic Forest

Brazilian pine, an important species native to the Atlantic Forest

Published On: 30 de April de 2016

Araucaria or Brazilian Pine, as it is popularly known, stands out from other Brazilian species mainly for its cup-shaped cup that gives the southern landscapes a very special feature.

The tree grows in fertile soil, at altitudes above 500 meters and reaches good development in 50 years. It is a resistant species and has a high germination capacity.

This gymnosperm, which means in Greek (sperm - seed and gymno - naked) is a large tree: it reaches about 50 meters in height and its trunk can measure up to 8.5 meters in circumference.

The species is dioecious, that is, it presents individuals with separate sexes in male and female plants. The female is the only one who can produce the seeds. Each pinecone contains from 10 to 150 seeds, the famous pine nuts, which are very nutritious, serving as food for birds, wild animals and man.

Among the animals that feed on the pine nut, some of them even spread the seeds, when they bury them in the ground to store their food. However, they often do not return to the place where the seeds were left, which contributes to the conservation of the species, forming new plants.

Araucaria forests are home to countless species of vertebrate and invertebrate animals that only live there. It is a unique ecosystem in the whole world and it is in danger of becoming extinct, thanks to the disorderly expansion and the devastation of the forests. Currently, less than 1% of the original araucaria forests remain. Decreasing with the araucarias, is putting the loss of several species of plants and animals associated with it, which become equally threatened.

During the month of June the araucarias are with seeds, we can take the opportunity to taste the pine nut and help in the preservation of this very important species.

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